The heart is a muscular organ  responsible for pumping blood throughout the blood vessels by repeated, rhythmic contractions. From the moment it begins beating until the moment it stops, the human heart works tirelessly. In an average lifetime, the heart beats more than two and a half billion times without ever pausing to rest. Like a pumping machine, the heart provides the power needed for life.

Heart Diseases:

The commonest heart diseases are:

Common Signs and symptoms of Heart Diseases (Mainly Myocardial Infarction):

Women may experience fewer typical symptoms than men, most commonly shortness of breath, weakness, a feeling of indigestion, and fatigue. Approximately one quarter of all myocardial infarctions are silent, without chest pain or other symptoms.

Causes of Heart Failure

The causes of heart failure are difficult to analyze due to challenges in diagnosis, differences in populations and age.

Common causes, ranked as per their risk factor:

Obstructive Sleep Apnoea, a condition of sleep disordered breathing, overlaps with obesity, hypertension and diabetes and is regarded as an independent cause of heart failure.

Facilities Available at KGMH:

Diagnostic (non-invasive)

ECG (12-lead, computerised)
The Electrocardiogram test records the electrical activity of the heart on a strip of paper measuring the rate and regularity of heartbeats,

Echo-cardiography (Colour Doppler)
This non-invasive test uses ultrasound or sound waves to evaluate how well the heart is working

The Tread Mill Test is done to evaluate how the heart performs during exercise. This often helps in diagnosing the presence of coronary artery disease.

Holter Monitor
The Holter Monitor device records every single heartbeat over a 24-hour time period,identifying the type and amount of irregular heartbeats if any.

Stress Echo
A combination of ultrasound (echocardiogram ) and an exercise tolerance test to identify areas of decreased blood flow to the heart muscle or blockages in the coronary arteries.

Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring
ABPM is a noninvasive method of measuring blood pressure readings when the patient is in his/her own environment, thus minimizing the effect of hypertension resulting from being in a clinical set-up

Preventive Cardiology
Involves intervention to prevent cardiac problems. This includes lifestyle modification and control of risk factors.


Dr. Nagendra Kumar Das
Designation: Medical Director & Sr. Consultant Cardiologist
Qualification: MBBS, MD (Med.), DM (Cardiology)

Dr. Alimuddin Ahmad Khan
Designation: Jr. Consultant – Department of Clinical Cardiology
Qualification: MBBS, DHM, PGDC

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